The birth of a great figure of human thought as Ibn al-Baytar in the small town of Benalmádena, in Málaga, Spain, shows the degree of civilization that use to manage al-Andalus in the XIII Century.
Benalmádena, along with other small towns, differed from the major European cities where it still existed in most darkness in comparison with the great cities of al-Andalus civilization and culture at that times.
Bifia `al-Macdánah or the “al-Mcfdanah State” the actual Benalmádena.
Abdullah belongs to a family of Veterinary as it is show in his name (Al Baytar means Veterinary). His father Ahmed was a reputed Veterinary in Malaga and surroundings.
In the year 613 (1217 a.C.), Ibn al- Baytar has twenty years and has not envisage any professional future as Al Andalus was in a convulsive time. So he decide to move with his cousin and Professor in Sevilla, Ibn al Rumiyah (50 years old) to other africans countries through the Mediterranean Basin. They cross the Gibraltar straight to Morocco going to Egypt traversing the Mediterranean African coast from west to east. They study medicinal herbs and plants writing its names in arab and bereber. They visit the city of Fez University of Karueein, founded in 859 AD in Fez, Morocco When they arrive to El Cairo was the year 615 (1218 a.C.), it was at the power Sultan al-Kámil Násir al-Din Mohammad.
The knowledge of the Al Baytar’s wisdom arrives to the Sultan, that immediately recruited him to his palace. And name him despite the young age, Chief of Pharmacologists, Rais al- A^sábin with the following duties:
This prescription system was named in Siria al-Dustur, in al-Andalus and in the Mogreb al-Nuskha and in Irak al-Wasfar (the actual name in the arab world)
He develop an inspection system to control the quality of the drugs used for human purposes including the final prices.
Later Ibn al-Baytar became the Chiefs of the Pharma scientist and he could continue with his research. That for him,” the son of Malaga” was the almost of his career.
He was unique at his time and a very important scientist until the sixteen century . He do the selection, describes its characteristics and catalogue in a 1.400 plants and herbal archive for medical and cooking for humans.
Visited Greece and Roma. Meet with a lot of erudite and famous scientists and he learn a lot of all of them.
In al-Maglirib and another studies he could contrast his work with the one done by Dioscórides and Galeno
Unfortunately Ibn al-Baytar died in Damascus in the year 646 (1248 a.C.) of an myocardial infarct after eating some new plants for his collection at the age of 51.
He writes seven important books of which 2 of them are very important and unique:
Ibn al-Baytar dedicate to the first Enciclopaedia, (four Volumes) to his mentor the King al-Salih Najm-Dm Ayyüb. And Includes the description of more than 1.400 samples from the three kingdom, vegetal, mineral and animal.
Many contemporary scientists as Max MeirhofP mention him as the Collector of the 1.400 samples and he write this in Cremone in the year 1.758 a.C
This “Enciclopaedia of Ibn al-Baytar”, was translated to Latin and was edited 23 times in other languages in the XV Century including french, german, translated respectively by Daniel Leclair y J.V.Stontheimer (Stuttgart 1840).
His work was studied and translated into Spanish by two professors of CSIC in Seville and Granada, Expiración Garcia Sanchez and Ana Maria Cabo.